|This analysis of conditional verb forms was written by Rob De Decker, who teaches English at a Flemish grammar school (equivalent to an American high school) in Schellebelle, Belgium. It is used here with his permission.|
|If I have enough money,|
|I will go to Japan.|
|I will go to Japan,|
|if I have enough money|
|1. First conditional:||If I have enough money, I will go to Japan.|
|2. Second conditional:||If I had enough money, I would go to Japan.|
|3. Third conditional:||If I had had enough money, I would have gone to Japan.|
|Conditional clause||Main clause|
|1. If + Present Tense||will + inf / present tense / imperative|
I will help you with your homework. (will + inf) If the sum of the digits of a number is divisible by three,
the number is divisible by three (Pres. tense) If you see Mr Fox tonight, tell him I am ill. (imperative).
|2. If + Past Tense ||would + inf||3. If + Past Perfect Tense ||would have + past participle||We do not normally use will or would in the conditional clause, |
only in the main clause.
e.g. If you will come this way, the manager will see you now.
I would be grateful if you would give me a little help.
(= ± please, come this way; please, give me...)
If I were a rich man...
If I have some spare time next weekend....or :
If I have any spare time...
e.g. I'll be back tomorrow unless there is a plane strike.
He'll accept the job unless the salary is too low.
If + Past Perfect - would + inf.
If you had warned me [then], I would not be in prison [now].